Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are major public health problems worldwide. Evaluations of large-scale data on morbidity, outcome, and costs in patients having PAD with CKD are essential. Cross-sectional nationwide population-based analysis of all hospitalizations for PAD during 2009 in Germany focused on the stage-related impact of CKD on morbidity, in-hospital mortality, amputations, length of hospital stay, and health-related expenditure. The total number of hospitalizations was 483 961. Of those, 132 993 (27.5%) had CKD. Chronic kidney disease caused 1.8-fold higher amputation rate (P < .001) with a stepwise increasing rate with higher CKD stage. Chronic kidney disease doubled in-hospital mortality of patients with PAD (7.8%; n = 10 421) versus 4.0% (n = 14 174, P < .001) with a stepwise increasing risk with higher CKD stage (P < .001). The highest in-hospital mortality occurred in patients with coprevalence of CKD stage 4 and Fontaine stage IV (16.4%, n = 1176, P < .001). Chronic kidney disease caused 15% higher costs and 21% increased length of stay compared to the whole PAD cohort. This analysis demonstrates the stage-related influence of CKD on morbidity, in-hospital mortality, amputations, length of hospital stay, and reimbursement costs of hospitalized patients with PAD.