Chlamydia pneumoniae is known to cause acute respiratory tract infections in the non-immunocompromised population. So far, no data about the incidence of chlamydial infections in neutropenic patients are available. Macrolide antibiotics are not considered to be first-line treatment options in neutropenic patients. We report the case of a patient with Hodgkin's disease who developed C. pneumoniae pneumonia during mild neutropenia. C. pneumoniae should be considered as a causative agent of pneumonia in neutropenic patients.