QTL for resistance toSalmonellacarrier state confirmed in both experimental and commercial chicken lines

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SummaryThe ability of chickens to carry Salmonella without displaying disease symptoms is responsible for Salmonella propagation in poultry stocks and for subsequent human contamination through the consumption of contaminated eggs or meat. The selection of animals more resistant to carrier state might be a way to decrease the propagation of Salmonella in poultry stocks and its transmission to humans. Five QTL controlling variation for resistance to carrier state in a chicken F2 progeny derived from the White Leghorn inbred lines N and 61 had been previously identified using a selective genotyping approach. Here, a second analysis on the whole progeny was performed, which led to the confirmation of two QTL on chromosomes 2 and 16. To assess the utility of these genomic regions for selection in commercial lines, we tested them together with other QTL identified in an [N×61] × N backcross progeny and with the candidate genes SLC11A1 and TLR4. We used a commercial line divergently selected for either low or high carrier-state resistance both in young chicks and in adult hens. In divergent chick lines, one QTL on chromosome 1 and one in the SLC11A1 region were significantly associated with carrier-state resistance variations; in divergent adult lines, one QTL located in the major histocompatibility complex on chromosome 16 and one in the SLC11A1 region were involved in these variations. Genetic studies conducted on experimental lines can therefore be of potential interest for marker-assisted selection in commercial lines.

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