Effects of quantitative trait loci and themyostatinlocus on trace and macro elements (minerals) in bovine liver, muscle and kidney
A quantitative trait locus (QTL) study of the concentrations of 14 trace and macro elements (minerals) in tissues of beef cattle was conducted in New Zealand. Back-cross calves with Jersey and Limousin ancestry (202 heifers and 211 steers) were generated using first-cross sires. This paper reports on testing for effects of QTL on the concentrations of minerals in liver, kidney and muscle in cattle at slaughter, following a growth phase during which rearing and finishing stages were on pasture. Fifteen QTL were identified (P < 0.05) on a genome-wide basis in combined-sire and within-sire analyses. In addition, the possible effect of the Limousin myostatin F94L allele was tested by fitting each calf's myostatin genotype, and 16 QTL were identified. Twelve were in common with those QTL identified previously, comprising six affecting the liver (copper and zinc, on two chromosomes each; plus iron and molybdenum), three affecting the kidney (calcium, copper and iron), and three affecting muscle (iron, strontium and zinc).