Effect ofFASNgene on milk yield and milk composition in the Chinese Holstein dairy population

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SummaryFatty acid synthase (FASN) is a multifunctional protein that catalyzes de novo synthesis of fatty acids in cells. It plays a key role in the lipid biosynthesis as well as in the general metabolism of all living animals. We herein investigated polymorphisms of FASN. As a result, six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were found and then genotyped in 752 Chinese Holstein cows. It was found that g.17924A>G was non-synonymous, g.13965 C>T, g.16907 T>C and g.18663T>C were synonymous mutations and two other two SNPs, g.8948 C>T (ss491228481) and g.14439T>C (rs133498277), were in intronic sequences of the gene. All such identified SNPs were found to be associated with milk yield and composition traits (P = 0.0441 to <0.0001). Significant additive and allele substitution effects were observed for three yield traits at all six loci as well (P < 0.05 to <0.01). Complete linkage disequilibrium among the five SNPs, with the exception of g.8948 C>T, was observed.

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