Results of mujeres felices por ser saludables: a dietary/breast heafth randomized chnicail trial for latino women


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Abstract

Background:Data are limited on the efficacy of health-fo-cused interventions for young, low-acculturated Latino women. Because breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and the most common cause of cancer mortality in this population, combined interventions that address both early detection and dietary patterns could help reduce both morbidity and mortality associated with breast cancer in this underserved population.Purpose:Mujeres Felices por ser Saludables was a randomized intervention study designed to assess the efficacy of an 8-month combined dietary and breast health intervention to reduce fat and increase fiber intake as well as to increase the frequency and proficiency of breast self-examination (BSE) and reduce anxiety related toBSEamong LatinasMethods:Blocked randomization in blocks of 6 was used to randomize 256 20- to 40-year-old Latinas to the intervention (n = 127) or control group (n = 129). The intervention group attended an 8-month multi-component education program designed specifically for low-acculturated Latinas. The control group received mailed health education material on a schedule comparable to the intervention. A total of 195 women (76.2%) completed both the baseline and 8-month follow-up interviews.Results:The intervention and control groups were similar on baseline sociodemographic characteristics. At the 8-month follow up, the intervention group reported lower dietary fat (p >.001) and higher fiber intake (p = .06); a higher proportion reported practicingBSEat the recommended interval (p > .001) and showed improvedBSEproficiency (p >.001) compared to the control group.BSE-related anxiety was low for both groups at baseline, and no diffirrence in reduction was observed.Conclusions:This project provides a successful model for achirving dietary change and improving breast health behavior in young, low-acculturated Latinas.

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