A 3-year longitudinal study examining the effect of resilience on suicidality in veterans


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Abstract

BACKGROUND:This study prospectively evaluated the correlation and role of resilience and resilience factors in predicting suicidal ideation and attempts in veterans.METHODS:In this 3-year longitudinal study, 178 Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans were evaluated for a number of clinical and demographic variables. Longitudinal follow-up was performed at approximately 3 years.RESULTS:Resilience at the initial assessment predicted lower suicidality at follow-up, controlling for suicidality at the initial assessment, suggesting a protective effect for resilience. With respect to specific domains of resilience, secure relationships and positive acceptance of change significantly predicted lower suicidality.CONCLUSIONS:These findings have important implications for clinical care and for guiding future research efforts to increase resilience among returning soldiers.

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