Patient primary language in a culturally focused intervention for Latino Americans with depression


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Abstract

BACKGROUNDThis study examined whether a culturally focused psychiatric consultation program (CFP) for Latino Americans was equally effective in reducing depressive symptoms in English-speaking and Spanish-speaking patients.METHODSThe CFP utilizes the Engagement Interview Protocol (EIP), a semi-standardized protocol eliciting patient narratives about illness beliefs. The sample included 118 Latino American patients presenting with depressive symptoms. Patient-preferred primary language was examined as a moderator for the effect of CFP participation vs usual care on change in depressive symptoms.RESULTSMultiple regression analysis revealed that the interaction effect of primary language and treatment arm on depressive symptoms, as measured by the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Self Report was not statistically significant at 6-month follow-up (B = −2.89, t = −1.35, P = .180).CONCLUSIONSThe findings suggest that the CFP was equally effective in both Spanish and English-speaking Latino Americans. The trend in the results toward greater reduction in depressive symptoms in primary Spanish-speaking Latino Americans as compared with primary English-speaking Latino Americans suggests the importance of receiving language-concordant care.

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