Long-term results of a prospective trial of mantle irradiation alone for early-stage Hodgkin's disease

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BackgroundTo determine the long-term treatment outcome and late effects of mantle irradiation alone in selected patients with early-stage Hodgkin's disease.MethodsBetween 1988 and 2000, 87 patients with pathologic stage (Ann Arbor) I–IIA or clinical stage IA Hodgkin's disease were entered on to a prospective trial of mantle irradiation alone. Patients with B symptoms, large mediastinal adenopathy, or subcarinal or hilar involvement were excluded. The median doses to the mantle field and mediastinum were 36 Gy (range 30.3–40) and 38.6 Gy (range 30.6–44), respectively. The actuarial freedom from treatment failure (FFTF) and overall survival (OS) rates were calculated using the Kaplan–Meier technique.ResultsThe median follow-up was 107 months (range 23–192). Thirteen of 87 patients (15%) relapsed at a median of 30 months (range 5–62). The 5- and 10-year actuarial FFTF rates were 86% and 84.7%, respectively. All 13 patients who relapsed are alive without evidence of disease at a median of 84 months (range 30–156) post-salvage therapy. Five patients developed a second malignancy at a median of 93 months (range 27–131). The 10-year actuarial risk of a second malignancy was 4.5%. There have been two deaths to date, both due to second malignancies. The 10-year OS rate was 98.2%.ConclusionIn selected patients with early-stage Hodgkin's disease, mantle irradiation alone has an excellent long-term survival rate, comparing favorably with the previous standard treatment of extended-field radiation therapy and the current standard of combined modality therapy.

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