N0539 phase II trial of fulvestrant and bevacizumab in patients with metastatic breast cancer previously treated with an aromatase inhibitor: a North Central Cancer Treatment Group (now Alliance) trial†

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BackgroundBased on preclinical studies, the vascular endothelial pathway is an important mechanism for estrogen receptor resistance. We conducted a phase II study of fulvestrant and bevacizumab in patients with aromatase inhibitor pretreated metastatic breast cancer.Patients and methodsA single-stage phase II study was conducted with these objectives: 6-month progression-free survival (PFS), tumor response, toxic effect, and overall survival. Regimen: 250 mg fulvestrant days 1 and 15 (cycle 1) then day 1 (cycle 2 and beyond) and 10 mg/kg bevacizumab days 1 and 15 of each 4-week cycle.ResultsAt interim analysis, 20 eligible patients initiated treatment, 11 were progression free and on treatment at 3 months, not meeting the protocol-specified efficacy requirements (at least 12 of 20). Accrual remained open during interim analysis with 36 patients enrolling before final study closure. Among the 33 eligible patients, the median PFS was 6.2 months [95% confidence interval (CI) 3.6–10.1 months]. Of the 18 with measurable disease, 4 (22%) patients (95% CI 6% to 48%) had a confirmed tumor response (1 complete, 3 partial). The most common grade 3/4 adverse events were hypertension 3 (9%) and headache 3 (9%).ConclusionsThe fulvestrant/bevacizumab combination is safe and tolerable; however, it did not meet its statistical end point.

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