90Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan, fludarabine, busulfan and antithymocyte globulin reduced-intensity allogeneic transplant conditioning for patients with advanced and high-risk B-cell lymphomas

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BackgroundPatients with advanced B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) refractory to initial chemotherapy or relapsing after autologous stem-cell transplantation have a poor prognosis. Allogeneic stem-cell transplantation after reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimen can be a therapeutic option. However, the high incidence of relapse remains a challenging issue. We speculated that the incorporation of 90Y-Ibritumomab tiuxetan into a fludarabine-based RIC regimen would improve the lymphoma control without overwhelming toxicity. Our aim was to evaluate the safety of 90Y-Ibritumomab tiuxetan in association with such a regimen in a prospective multicenter phase II trial.Patients and methodsThirty-one patients with advanced lymphoma from five distinct institutions were included between February 2008 and October 2010. Thirty patients in complete or partial response after failure of a median of 3 (range, 2–4) previous chemotherapy regimens including autologous transplant in 29 were evaluable for nonrelapse mortality (NRM) at day 100 post-transplant that was the primary end point.ResultsWith a median follow-up of 32 months (range, 29–60 months), the 2-year event-free and overall survivals of the whole study group were both 80% [95 confidence interval (CI) 60.8% to 90.5%). The 100-day and 2-year post-transplant cumulative incidences of NRM were 3.3% (95% CI 0.2% to 14.9%) and 13.3% (95% CI 5.4% to 33.2%), respectively. The 2-year cumulative incidence of relapse was 6.7% (95% CI 1.7% to 25.4%). The cumulative incidences of grade II–IV and extensive chronic graft-versus-host disease were 27% and 14%, respectively.ConclusionsFor chemosensitive advanced high-risk B-cell lymphoma, the addition of 90Y-Ibritumomab tiuxetan to a RIC regimen based on fludarabine, busulfan and antithymocyte globulin followed by allogeneic transplant is safe and highly effective.clinicaltrials.gov: NCT00607854.

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