To analyze relationships between occupational exposure and influenza infection and hospitalization during the 2009–2010 pandemic wave and the 2010–2011 influenza seasonal epidemic in Spain.Methods:
Occupations were classified as high, medium, or low risk of influenza exposure. To assess the risk of infection, 588 outpatient cases of influenza confirmed by reverse-transcription polymerase-chain-reaction (RT-PCR) were compared with 588 outpatients without influenza symptoms. To assess the risk of hospitalization, 337 outpatient influenza cases were compared with 337 inpatient influenza cases.Results:
The high risk of occupational exposure group was composed only of health care workers. After adjustment for age, sex, vaccination status, and predictive variables of influenza infection, patients with a high risk of occupational exposure had an aOR of 2.14 (95%CI: 1.25–3.66) of being an outpatient influenza case and an aOR of 0.43 (95%CI: 0.20–0.95) of being an inpatient influenza case, compared with those with a low risk.Conclusions:
A high risk of occupational exposure is a risk factor for influenza infection but not for hospitalization.