The predictive value of exercise treadmill testing (ETT) remains inadequate in diagnosing patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) and needs to be improved.Objective:
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the presence of FQRS on 12-lead ECG would increase the PPV of ETT in patients with an intermediate likelihood of CAD.Methods:
fQRS, defined as the presence of notched R or S waves without accompanying typical bundle branch block or the existence of an additional wave-like RSR' pattern in the original QRS complex (with a duration of <120 ms), was assessed in 95 patients with positive ETT. Coronary angiogram (CA) was performed in all patients, divided into two groups as the significant CAD group and nonsignificant CAD group according to coronary artery lesions. The differences between the groups in terms of the presence of fQRS and clinical characteristics were investigated.Results:
The mean age of patients was 51.3 ± 11.3 years, and 74 of them were males (77.9%). FQRS was present in 47 (49.5%) patients, and significant CAD was demonstrated in 51 subjects (53.7%) among the enrolled subjects. fQRS was more prevalent in the significant CAD group compared to nonsignificant CAD group (P < 0.001). The presence of FQRS increased the PPV of positive ETT from 53.7% to 85.1%. In addition, FQRS was associated with the increased risk of significant CAD in multivariate analysis (OR = 2.839, P < 0.001).Conclusion:
In clinical practice, the presence of fQRS in patients with positive ETT may support clinicians during the decision-making process with regard to the referral for a coronary angiography.