Long-term survival results of a randomized trial comparing gemcitabine/cisplatin and methotrexate/vinblastine/doxorubicin/cisplatin in patients with locally advanced and metastatic bladder cancer

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Abstract

Purpose

To compare long-term survival in patients with locally advanced and metastatic transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the urothelium treated with gemcitabine plus cisplatin (GC) or methotrexate/vinblastine/doxorubicin/cisplatin (MVAC).

Patients and methods

Efficacy data from a large randomized phase III study of GC versus MVAC were updated. Time-to-event analyses were performed on the observed distributions of overall survival time and progression-free survival.

Results

Four hundred and five patients were randomized, 203 to the GC arm and 202 to the MVAC arm. At the time of this analysis, 347 patients have died (GC 176, MVAC 171). Overall survival was similar in both arms (HR 1.09; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.88–1.34, P=0.66) with a median survival of 14.0 months (95% CI 12.3–15.5 months) in the GC, and 15.2 months (95% CI 13.2–17.3 months) in the MVAC arm. The median progression-free survival was 7.7 months with GC (95% CI 6.8–8.8) and 8.3 months with MVAC (95% CI 7.3–9.7) with a HR of 1.09 (95% CI 0.89–1.34). Significant prognostic factors favoring overall survival included performance status (>70), TNM staging (M0 vs. M1), low/normal alkaline phosphatase expression, number of sites of disease <3, and the absence of visceral metastasis. By adjusting for these prognostic factors, the HR was 0.99 for overall survival and 1.01 for progression-free survival.

Conclusions

Long-term overall and progression-free survival following treatment with GC or MVAC are similar. These results strengthen the role of GC as a standard of care in patients with locally advanced and metastatic transitional-cell carcinoma (TCC).

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