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D is a highly selective irreversible small molecule inhibitor of all catalytically active members of the HER (human epidermal growth factor receptor) family of tyrosine kinases. In a randomized phase II trial in patients (patients) who had received 1–2 prior systemic therapy regimens for adv NSCLC, D demonstrated significantly longer progression-free survival (PFS) versus E in the overall population (12.4 versus 8.3 weeks; HR = 0.66, P = 0.012), with benefit consistent across several clinical and molecular subgroups. Median PFS in the KRAS wild-type (WT) subgroup was 16.1 versus 8.3 weeks for D and E, respectively (HR = 0.55, P = 0.006).


Based on phase II data, a randomized, double-blinded phase III clinical trial (ARCHER; NCT01360554) was designed to compare the efficacy of D with E in two co-primary populations of patients with adv NSCLC: (a) all enrolled patients with adv NSCLC, and (b) patients with KRAS wt NSCLC. patients with locally adv/metastatic pathologically confirmed NSCLC, radiologically measurable disease, 1 or 2 prior chemotherapy regimens, ECOG PS 0–2, and tissue available for molecular analysis will be randomized to receive D 45 mg or E 150 mg orally once daily. As of Jan 31, 2012, 117 of a planned 800 patients have been enrolled. The primary end point is PFS. Secondary end points include overall survival, objective response rate, duration of response, safety and tolerability, and pt-reported outcomes of health-related quality of life and disease-/treatment-related symptoms. Study design provides 90% and 80% power to detect ≥33% and ≥45% improvement in PFS in all patients receiving D versus E, and in patients with KRAS wt NSCLC, respectively, and HR ≤0.75 and ≤0.69 using a 1-sided stratified log-rank test at a significance level of 0.015 and 0.01, respectively. The final primary analysis stratified log-rank test will include ECOG PS, KRAS mutation status and EGFR mutation status as stratification factors. The sample sizes above will also allow the assessment of OS in the co-primary populations with adequate power. Post-hoc analyses will be carried out to explore EGFR, HER family, and KRAS mutation status, as well as other tumor-derived biomarkers collected from all patients in this trial.

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