Benefit of adjuvant trastuzumab-based chemotherapy in T1ab node-negative HER2-overexpressing breast carcinomas: a multicenter retrospective series†

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Abstract

Background

Randomized clinical trials showed the benefit of adjuvant trastuzumab-based chemotherapy (ATBC) for node-positive and/or >1 cm HER2+ breast carcinomas. No efficacy data have been published on ATBC in large series of pT1abN0 HER2+ tumors.

Patients and methods

This retrospective study evaluated 276 cases of pT1abN0 HER2+ breast tumors in eight French cancer centers. Factors associated with prognosis and ATBC prescription were analyzed.

Results

A total of 129 cases (47%) were treated with ATBC (ATBC+), 19 with chemotherapy alone, 5 with trastuzumab alone, and 123 (45%) with neither trastuzumab nor chemotherapy (ATBC−). ATBC use was associated with the date of diagnosis (before or after June 2005) and with poor prognostic features. At a median follow-up of 44 months, there were 13 recurrences in the ATBC− group and 2 in the ATBC+ group. ATBC was associated with a significant survival benefit (99% 40-month disease-free survival for ATBC+ versus 93% for ATBC− cases; P = 0.018). Lack of hormone receptors (HRs) and the presence of lymphovascular invasion (LVI) were significantly associated with a poor prognosis and a greater benefit of ATBC.

Conclusions

ATBC was associated with a significantly reduced risk of recurrence in pT1abN0 HER2+ tumors, and was more beneficial in HR− and/or LVI+ tumors.

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