Impact of pathologic complete response on disease-free survival in patients with esophagogastric adenocarcinoma receiving preoperative docetaxel-based chemotherapy

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Abstract

Background

The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of pathologic complete response (pCR) on outcome in patients with gastric or esophagogastric junction (EGJ) adenocarcinoma after neoadjuvant docetaxel/platin/fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy.

Patients and methods

Patients received at least one cycle of chemotherapy for potentially operable disease. Pretreatment clinicopathologic factors and pCR were investigated. Disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS) and tumor-related death were correlated with pCR.

Results

One hundred twenty patients were included in this analysis. Eighteen patients (15%) achieved a pCR. Tumor localization in the EGJ was identified as the only significant predictor of pCR (P = 0.019). Median follow-up was 41.1 months. Median DFS and OS for all patients were 24.1 and 48.6 months, respectively. Median DFS for patients with a pCR was not reached versus 22.1 months non-pCR patients (hazard ratio, HR 0.38; 3-year DFS: 71.8% and 37.7%, respectively, P = 0.018). While OS was not significantly different, the risk for tumor-related death was significantly lower for pCR patients compared with non-pCR patients (3-year cumulative incidences of 6.4% and 45.4%, respectively, P = 0.009).

Conclusion

A pCR following preoperative docetaxel/platin/fluoropyrimidine indicates favorable outcome in patients with gastric or EGJ adenocarcinoma. Tumor location in the EGJ is associated with a higher pCR rate.

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