Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) play important roles in multiple cancers by supporting tumor growth and angiogenesis. FP-1039 (GSK3052230) is a FGF ligand trap consisting of the extracellular domain of FGF receptor 1 (FGFR1) fused with the Fc region of IgG1. FP-1039 binds and neutralizes multiple FGFs that normally bind FGFR1. The primary objective of this phase I study was to evaluate the safety and tolerability of FP-1039.Patients and methods
Eligible patients with metastatic or locally advanced solid tumors for which standard treatments were ineffective were treated with weekly doses of FP-1039 for 4 weeks, followed by 2 weeks observation.Results
Thirty-nine subjects received a mean of 6 infusions of FP-1039 at doses ranging from 0.5 to 16 mg/kg weekly, with no maximally tolerated dose identified. Grade 3 or greater treatment emergent adverse events were uncommon. Four dose-limiting toxicities were reported at doses of 0.75 mg/kg (urticaria), 1 mg/kg (intestinal perforation and neutropenia), and 16 mg/kg (muscular weakness). Drug exposure was dose proportional, and the terminal elimination half-life was 2.6–3.9 days following a single dose. Target engagement as measured by low free plasma FGF2 levels was achieved. FGF pathway dysregulation was uncommon. No objective responses were observed.Conclusion
In nonselected cancer patients with advanced disease, treatment with FP-1039 was well tolerated and toxicities associated with small molecule drugs that inhibit FGFR tyrosine kinases, including hyperphosphatemia, were not observed. Further studies of FP-1039 in patients selected for FGF pathway dysregulation, who are most likely to benefit, are now underway.