Large-scale prospective pharmacogenomics study of oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy in colon cancer patients enrolled in the JFMC41-1001-C2 (JOIN Trial)

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Abstract

Background

Peripheral sensory neuropathy (PSN) is a dose-limiting toxicity of oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy. Several genetic markers have been shown to predict oxaliplatin-induced PSN; however, results remain to be validated in a large-scale and prospective pharmacogenomics study.

Patients and methods

Among 882 patients enrolled in the JFMC41-1001-C2 (JOIN trial), which was designed to investigate the tolerability of adjuvant-modified FOLFOX6 (mFOLFOX6) in Japanese Patients with stage II or III colon cancers undergoing curative resection, 465 patients were eligible for this pharmacogenomics analysis. Twelve single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were selected based on published data. The effect of each genotype on time to PSN onset was evaluated in all patients (n = 465) using the Cox proportional hazard model. For the association analysis between severity of PSN and 12 SNP markers, 84 patients who failed to complete 12 cycles of mFOLFOX6 from grade 0/1 PSN group were excluded because the termination of the protocol treatment had been caused by reasons other than PSN.

Results

Comparison of grade 0/1 PSN with grade 2/3 PSN or grade 3 PSN showed no significant associations with any of the 12 SNP markers after adjustment for total dose of oxaliplatin. Time-to-onset analysis also failed to reveal any significant differences.

Conclusions

Our large-scale and prospective pharmacogenomics study of Japanese patients receiving protocol treatment of adjuvant mFOLFOX6 could not verify a role for any of the 12 SNP markers reported as being significantly associated with PSN. Considering the OR observed in this study (range: 0.76–1.89), further evaluation of these 12 SNP markers in the context of L-OHP-induced PSN is unlikely to be clinically informative.

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