Advantages of Adding a Footplate Incision in Asian Rhinoplasty

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Abstract

The dimension, shape, and projection of the nasal tip are significantly determined by the position of the footplates of the medial crura. The length of the footplate segment in Asians is much longer than that in Caucasians. A surgeon may be able to use a longer footplate segment when operating on an Asian to recreate the lower vault of the nose more effectively. The purpose of this study is to introduce the advantages of addition of a footplate incision to obtain greater satisfaction in esthetic rhinoplasty for Asians. This incision is extended along the caudal border of the footplate of the medial crura onto the floor of the nasal vestibule bilaterally, in endonasal or open approach rhinoplasty. By approximating the lateral curves of the medial crural footplates, the width and the length of the columella could be narrowed and lengthened. The columella can also be advanced caudally and thus elongate the shape of the nostrils. In addition, a cartilage graft or an implant insertion for alar base augmentation could be performed through this footplate incision, eliminating the need for an additional incision. Another advantage is that, during the correction of caudal septal deviation, displaced septal cartilage can be repositioned by suturing to the periosteum or soft tissue around the anterior nasal spine without drilling into it through an intraoral incision. One hundred ten consecutive patients who underwent esthetic rhinoplasty using our footplate incision technique between August of 1999 and May of 2002 were included in this study. A total of 66 patients had an adequate follow-up time of over 6 months. Patient satisfaction and postoperative complications were recorded. The majority of the patients (57/66 cases) were satisfied with the results of the procedure. The authors believe that the addition of the footplate incision in esthetic rhinoplasty is safe and reliable for effecting better results for Asians.

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