Expanded Indications for the Deep Plane Cervicofacial Flap: Aesthetic Reconstruction of Large Combined Temporofrontal and Brow Defects

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Abstract

The deep plane cervicofacial (DPCF) rotation advancement flap has been well described for coverage of cheek and lower eyelid defects. The extension of this flap for coverage of complex combined temporofrontal and brow defects has not been previously described. The primary investigator (E.L.C.) performed a chart review of all 7 DPCF flaps performed for reconstructive purposes at the University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Tex, from November 2011 through August 2012. Three patients with complex combined temporal and brow defects were identified. Three patients underwent coverage of complex combined temporofrontal and brow defects using the DPCF flap. Adequate coverage was provided with good skin color match. No flap loss or tip necrosis was seen, despite immediate excision of the resulting cheek standing cone deformity in 2 of the 3 patients at the time of reconstruction. All patients had suture fixation of the DPCF flap to cheek periosteum. All had none or mild lateral canthal distortion, with less than 1 mm of asymptomatic ectropion at a minimum follow-up of 4 months. The DPCF flap is a safe, effective, and reliable means to provide coverage for complex combined temporofrontal and brow defects. The deep plane elevation and musculocutaneous blood supply may improve flap mobility, viability, and resistance to tension. The standing cone deformity resulting from flap advancement can be primarily excised without risking flap necrosis. With further study, indications for the DPCF flap may include adjacent areas of the face currently being reconstructed using other means.

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