A New Way for Antihelixplasty in Prominent Ear Surgery: Modified Postauricular Fascial Flap

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Abstract

Background

Otoplasty procedures aim to reduce the concha-mastoid angle and recreate the antihelical fold. Here, we explained the modified postauricular fascial flap, described as a new way for recreating the antihelical fold, and reported the results of patients on whom this flap was used.

Materials and Methods

The defined technique was used on 24 patients (10 females and 14 males; age, 6–27 years; mean, 16.7 years) between June 2009 and July 2012, a total of 48 procedures in total (bilateral). Follow-up ranged from 1 to 3 years (mean, 1.5 years). At the preoperative and postoperative time points (1 and 12 months after surgery), all patients were measured for upper and middle helix-head distance and were photographed. The records were analyzed statistically using t test and analysis of variance.

Results

The procedure resulted in ears that were natural in appearance without any significant visible evidence of surgery. The operations resulted in no complications except 1 patient who developed a small skin ulcer on the left ear because of band pressure. When we compared the preoperative and postoperative upper and middle helix-head distance, there was a high significance statistically.

Conclusions

To introduce modified postauricular fascial flap, we used a simple and safe procedure to recreate an antihelical fold. This procedure led to several benefits, including a natural-in-appearance antihelical fold, prevention of suture extrusion and granuloma, as well as minimized risk for recurrence due to neochondrogenesis. This method may be used as a standard procedure for treating prominent ears surgically.

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