Secondary Mastopexy After Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy and Staged Subcutaneous Expander/Implant Reconstruction

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Abstract

Background

The acceptance of nipple-sparing mastectomy for the treatment of breast cancer in selected patients has introduced ancillary procedures to improve breast shape, correct ptosis, and enhance breast symmetry. Mastopexy before or at the time of nipple-sparing mastectomy has been performed to correct ptosis, but there have been no reports on secondary Wise pattern mastopexy after completion of staged subcutaneous expander/implant reconstruction.

Methods

Between 2005 and 2015, 155 patients (255 breasts) underwent staged subcutaneous implant/expander-based reconstruction after inframammary nipple-sparing mastectomy. Of the 155 patients, 10 (6.5%) patients required a secondary Wise pattern mastopexy (n = 14, 5.5%). The nipple was raised 2.5 to 6 cm (range, 3.8 cm), and the implant location was adjusted accordingly for optimal positioning with respect to the nipple-areola. The secondary mastopexy was performed to correct ptosis, improve breast symmetry and/or contour deformities of the breast, and relieve pain associated with large implants.

Results

All mastopexies healed without complications, and the goals of the revisions were achieved. There were no capsular contractures after an average of 50 months (range, 19–92 months). The patients were satisfied with the aesthetic and functional improvement.

Conclusions

Secondary mastopexy after 2-stage subcutaneous expander/implant breast reconstruction is uncommon, but if needed, it may be safely performed to correct ptosis and improve breast shape, symmetry, and function.

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