Evaluation of the Effectiveness of an Alar Transfixion Suture for the Correction of a Vestibular Web and Alar-Facial Groove: A Photogrammetric Analysis

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Abstract

Background

Alar transfixion sutures are commonly used for vestibular web correction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term results of the use of alar transfixion sutures in patients with a unilateral cleft lip nasal deformity using photogrammetric analysis.

Methods

The study included 42 patients who were divided into child and adult groups. A total of 4 measurement items were evaluated from a basal view by photogrammetry using standardized clinical photographic techniques preoperatively, immediately postoperatively, 3 months postoperatively, and 6 months postoperatively.

Results

When the preoperative and last postoperative values were compared, no significant changes in any measurement items were noted in the adult group. In the child group, the proportional index (the ratio of the cleft side to the noncleft side) of the alar slope line inclination was significantly increased, but other measurement items showed no significant change. When the measurement items were compared between time points, no significant changes in any measurement items were noted in the adult group. In the child group, the proportional indexes of the alar length, the width between the subnasale and the alare, and the webbing degree were significantly decreased immediately postoperatively compared with the preoperative values. However, these significant changes were diminished at 3 months postoperatively. The proportional index of the alar slope line inclination was significantly increased at 3 months postoperatively compared with the preoperative value, but the significant change was diminished at 6 months postoperatively.

Conclusions

The alar transfixion suture procedure is not effective for correcting a vestibular web and alar-facial groove.

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