Biochemical alterations in Bradyrhizobium sp USDA 3187 induced by the fungicide Mancozeb

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We have previously shown that fungicide Mancozeb causes a 50% decrease in Bradyrhizobium sp USDA 3187 growth rate and affects the bacteria-root symbiotic interaction. In order to elucidate the fungicide toxicity mechanism we determined the effects of Mancozeb on cell chemical composition, glutathione (GSH) content (molecule involved in the detoxification process), glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity and on polyamine, exopolysaccharides, capsular polysaccharides and lipopolysaccharides. Mancozeb produced biochemical alterations in membrane composition, polysaccharides and polyamines. In spite of the increment of GSH content and GST activity, they are not enough to prevent the growth diminution.

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