Saccharomyces cerevisiae T206 K+R+, a K2 killer yeast, was differentiated from other NCYC killer strains of S. cerevisiae on the basis of CHEF-karyotyping and mycoviral RNA separations. Genomic DNA of strain T206 was resolved into 13 chromosome bands, ranging from approximately 0.2 to 2.2 Mb. The resident virus in strain T206 yielded L and M RNA species of approximately 5.1 kb and 2.0 kb, respectively. In micro-scale vinifications, strain T206 showed a lethal effect on a K−R− mesophilic wine yeast. Metabolite accumulation and toxin activity were measured over a narrow pH range of 3.2 to 3.5. Contrary to known fermentation trends, the challenged fermentations were neither stuck nor protracted although over 70% of the cell population was killed. Toxin-sensitive cells showed cytosolic efflux.