Coproporphyrin excretion by Azorhizobium caulinodans under micro-aerobic conditions

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Azorhizobium caulinodans ORS571 was found to excrete moderate amounts of a fluorescent pigment into the culture medium in response to dissolved oxygen tensions below 1.0 kPa. The pigment was identified as coproporphyrin, on the basis of its optical and fluorescence spectra. FixLJ and fixK mutant derivatives of ORS571 were found to excrete 25-fold higher amounts of coproporphyrin under micro-aerobic conditions than the wild type strain. These observations suggest that A. caulinodans switches from an aerobic to an anaerobic coproporphyrinogen oxidase when the dissolved oxygen tension falls below 1.0 kPa and that the fixLJ and fixK genes are involved in the regulation of expression of the anaerobic coproporphyrinogen oxidase.

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