Purification and characterization of polygalacturonase produced by thermophilic Thermoascus aurantiacus CBMAI-756 in submerged fermentation

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Abstract

An extracellular polygalacturonase was isolated from 5-day culture filtrates of Thermoascus aurantiacus CBMAI-756 and purified by gel filtration and ion-exchange chromatography. The enzyme was maximally active at pH 5.5 and 60-65°C. The apparent Km with citrus pectin was 1.46 mg/ml and the Vmax was 2433.3 μmol/min/mg. The apparent molecular weight of the enzyme was 30 kDa. The enzyme was 100% stable at 50°C for 1 h and showed a half-life of 10 min at 60°C. Polygalacturonase was stable at pH 5.0-5.5 and maintained 33% of initial activity at pH 9.0. Metal ions, such as Zn+2, Mn+2, and Hg+2, inhibited 50, 75 and 100% of enzyme activity. The purified polygalacturonase was shown to be an endo/exo-enzyme, releasing mono, di and tri-galacturonic acids within 10 min of hydrolysis.

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