Recombinant DNA vaccine of Hantavirus Gn and LAMP1 induced long-term immune protection in mice

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Abstract

Background

Prophylaxis is widely adopted the best choice against Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) caused by Hantavirus. However, loss of memory immune response maintenance remains as major shortcoming in current HFRS vaccine. A recombinant DNA vaccine, pVAX-LAMP/Gn was previously proved efficient, requiring long-term evaluations.

Methods & results

Immune responses of Balb/c mice were assessed by specific and neutralizing antibodies, interferon-γ ELISpot assay, and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte cytotoxicity assay. HTNV-challenge assay identified long-term protection. Safety was confirmed by histological and behavioral analysis. Epitope-spreading phenomenon was noted, revealing two sets of dominant T-cell epitopes cross-species.

Conclusion

pVAX-LAMP/Gn established memory responses within a long-term protection. Lysosome-targeted strategy showed promise on Gn-based DNA vaccine and further investigations are warranted in other immunogenic Hantaviral antigens.

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