Diabetes mellitus and pre-diabetes are closely associated with visceral obesity. Visceral adiposity index (VAI) is a novel sex-specific index, indirectly expressing visceral adipose function. Our aim was to determine the associations of VAI with dysglycemia (the combination of diabetes and pre-diabetes) and to compare the predictive ability for dysglycemia between VAI and traditional obesity indices.Methods:
We performed a cross-sectional analysis of the data of 2,754 Chinese community-dwelling people who participated in the health checkup. Sex-specific VAI tertile cut-off points were used as follows: 1.70, 2.77 in males and 0.98, 1.75 in females. Binary logistic regression models were performed to estimate the association of the higher values of all the obesity indices with pre-diabetes and diabetes. The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was applied to compare the predictive potential for dysglycemia among the obesity indices.Results:
VAI was the only index significantly associated with both pre-diabetes and diabetes in both sexes after adjusting for potential confounders. The results of ROC analysis and AUC showed that VAI possessed the largest AUC, followed by other obesity indices.Conclusions:
Higher VAI values are positively associated with the presence of pre-diabetes and diabetes in Chinese adults.