A cross-;sectional survey of health risk behaviour clusters among a sample of socially disadvantaged Australian welfare recipients

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Objective:

To examine the prevalence and clustering of six health risk behaviours (smoking, alcohol, inadequate sun protection, physical inactivity, and inadequate fruit and vegetable consumption) among severely disadvantaged individuals.

Methods:

A cross-;sectional touch screen computer survey was conducted with 383 clients attending a social and community welfare organisation in New South Wales. Participants were assessed on smoking status, alcohol consumption, fruit and vegetable consumption, physical activity, sun protection and socio-;demographic characteristics. Descriptive statistics, factor analysis and logistic regression were used to assess the prevalence, clustering and socio-;demographic predictors of health risk behaviours.

Results:

Ninety-;eight per cent of the participants reported inadequate vegetable consumption, 62.7% reported inadequate fruit consumption, 82.5% reported inadequate sun protection, 61.7% smoked tobacco, 51.4% consumed alcohol at risky levels and 36.5% were insufficiently active. Most participants (87%) reported three or more risk behaviours. Male participants, younger participants and those with lower education were more likely to smoke tobacco and consume alcohol.

Conclusions:

The prevalence of health risk behaviours among a sample of typically hard-;to-;reach, severely disadvantaged individuals is extremely high.

Implications:

Future intervention development should take into account the likelihood of health risk clustering among severely disadvantaged groups.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles