Very little is known about how different sets of risk factors interact to influence risk for psychiatric disorder.Objective
To replicate a recent report of a genotype-environment interaction that predicts risk for antisocial behavior in boys.Design
Characterizing risk for conduct disorder in boys in association with monoamine oxidase A genotype and exposure to familial adversity, defined by interparental violence, parental neglect, and inconsistent discipline.Setting
A community-based sample of twin boys.Participants
Five hundred fourteen male twins aged 8 to 17 years.Main Outcome Measure
There was a main effect of adversity but not of monoamine oxidase A on risk for conduct disorder. Low monoamine oxidase A activity increased risk for conduct disorder only in the presence of an adverse childhood environment. Neither a passive nor an evocative genotype-environment correlation accounted for the interaction.Conclusion
This study replicates a recent report of a genotype-environment interaction that predicts individual variation in risk for antisocial behavior in boys.