Conjunctival Intraepithelial Neoplasia: A Possible Marker for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection?

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Abstract

Background

Conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia has traditionally been found at the limbus in elderly individuals. Recently, this ocular tumor has been observed in younger patients.

Objective

To investigate the potential association of human immunodeficiency virus infection with the emergence of this atypical presentation of conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia.

Design, Setting, and Participants

Records of patients at the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute (Miami, Fla) in whom conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia was diagnosed between January 1, 1991, and December 31, 1993, were reviewed. Attempts were made to contact those patients younger than 50 years for clinical evaluation and human immunodeficiency virus serologic testing.

Results

Conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia was diagnosed in 73 patients during the study period. Of the nine patients younger than 50 years, six were available for serologic testing. Three (50%) of these individuals were found to be positive for human immunodeficiency virus.

Conclusion

Human immunodeficiency virus testing and counseling should be considered in patients younger than 50 years in whom conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia is diagnosed.

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