Health-Related Quality of Life in Pediatric Minor Injury: Reliability, Validity, and Responsiveness of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory in the Emergency Department

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Objective

To evaluate the feasibility, reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 Generic Core Scales (PedsQL) in the first 2 weeks after pediatric emergency department care of minor injury.

Design

Prospective cohort study.

Setting

Pediatric hospital emergency department.

Participants

Children and adolescents with minor injury (n = 334).

Main Outcome Measures

Child- and parent-reported clinical outcomes and PedsQL scale scores.

Results

The PedsQL had good to excellent internal consistency reliability (α range, 0.73-0.93). For each day that the clinical symptoms persisted, there were consistent decreases in mean health-related quality of life (HRQOL) scores (validity testing). There were significantly greater negative changes in mean HRQOL scores for fractures vs soft-tissue injuries and for lower vs upper extremity injuries. Clinical outcomes categorized as poor had large negative changes in HRQOL not seen in good outcome groups. Distribution-based indicators of change supported good responsiveness (effect sizes for the physical summary score, 0.01-2.44; group differences at follow-up exceeded estimates of the minimal importance difference).

Conclusions

The PedsQL is feasible, reliable, and demonstrates good construct and discriminant validity and responsiveness in measuring short-term outcome after minor injury care in the pediatric emergency department. Assessing short-term outcome from the patient perspective with HRQOL measures may greatly enhance our ability to evaluate the effectiveness of emergency department care.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles