Hydroxylapatite Laryngeal Implants for Medialization: Preliminary Report

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Abstract

Laryngeal implantation for medialization has improved our ability to manage the patient with vocal fold motion impairment. We present preliminary data evaluating the use of preformed hydroxylapatite laryngeal implants and instrumentation for rapid determination of implant size and position. A window in the thyroid ala is created by means of a standard fenestra template. One of 5 prosthesis templates is inserted through the window for determination of correct size and position. The corresponding implant is then inserted and secured with a hydroxylapatite shim. Thirty-five patients have been implanted for vocal fold paralysis, and 4 patients were implanted for soft tissue deficits or bowing. Thirty-one of 35 patients have reported subjective improvement (89%). Improvement was demonstrated in 13 of 15 (87%) patients with complete preoperative and postoperative objective voice function measurements. Complications include 1 implant extrusion and 1 case of airway obstruction secondary to edema. Preliminary results indicate that prefabricated hydroxylapatite implants are effective for medialization thyroplasty. Advantages include a readily available implant selection, rapid determination of correct size and position, and improved implant stabilization with a hydroxylapatite shim.

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