Analysis of Long-Term Hearing Gains after Stapes Surgery with Piston Reconstruction for Otosclerosis

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Abstract

Objectives:

We sought to assess the postoperative hearing gains at individual frequencies after stapes surgery with piston reconstruction for clinical otosclerosis.

Methods:

We analyzed the air conduction (AC) hearing gains at various audiometric frequencies in a sample of 1,168 stapes procedures with piston reconstruction performed on 911 strictly consecutive patients by one surgeon between 1963 and 1979. Assiduous follow-up of patients was attempted for at least 10 years. The audiometric results over time were stored for computer analysis.

Results:

The mean AC gain over the speech frequencies (0.5, 1, 2, and 3 kHz) was 35.5 dB at 1 year after operation, and the rate of deterioration over the next 19 years was 0.58 dB/y.

Conclusions:

The picture to emerge from the analysis is clear. The mean AC gain is maximal at nearly 40 dB for the audiometric frequencies of 0.25, 0.5, and 1 kHz. The mean AC gain at any given time after operation decreases with increasing frequency, at least for frequencies of ≥1 kHz. For any frequency there is, with few exceptions, a significant decrease in the AC gain from one time period to the next.

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