Temporalis Fascia Transplantation for Sulcus Vocalis and Vocal Fold Scar: Long-Term Outcomes

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Objective:Sulcus vocalis and vocal fold scar involve derangement of the superficial lamina propria of the vocal fold, which results in significant dysphonia. Many options exist for treatment, most of which have unsatisfactory and unpredictable outcomes. Autologous transplantation of temporalis fascia into the vocal fold (ATFV) has the potential to be a better treatment option, but long-term outcomes have not been well studied.Methods:Retrospective chart review and patient survey. Twenty-one patients diagnosed with vocal fold scar or sulcus vocalis and treated with ATFV with at least 1-year follow-up were included. Voice Handicap Index 10 (VHI-10) questionnaires were collected preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively. Patients were reached at the time of the study to complete another VHI-10 and a Likert scale survey.Results:The mean decrease in VHI-10 scores between preoperation and 6 months postoperation was 8.35 (P < .001). From preoperation to the time of the study (average 44 months; range, 12-72 months), the VHI decreased 13.53 (P < .001). Eighty-eight percent of patients reported they would recommend this surgery to others with the same diagnosis. Only 1 minor self-limited complication occurred.Conclusion:Autologous transplantation of temporalis fascia into the vocal fold for the treatment of vocal fold scar and sulcus vocalis is a safe surgery with good long-term outcomes and high patient satisfaction.

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