One-Stage Complete Resection of Cholesteatoma With Labyrinthine Fistula: Hearing Changes and Clinical Outcomes

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Abstract

Objectives:

To evaluate long-term hearing changes and surgical outcomes for middle ear cholesteatoma with labyrinthine fistula following complete surgical removal of the cholesteatoma matrix.

Methods:

Consecutive samples of 43 patients who underwent 1-stage complete resection of the cholesteatoma matrix overlying a labyrinthine fistula were obtained. Immediate and long-term hearing changes were analyzed in association with fistula size. Accuracy of various diagnostic examinations was assessed.

Results:

Immediately postsurgery, the average bone conduction threshold (43.34 dB) did not differ significantly from the preoperative value (36.66 dB, P = .083). There were also minimal changes thereafter (45.63 dB) without recurrent case over an average follow-up time of 38.3 months (range, 17-69 months). More than 10 dB hearing loss was found in 7 patients with a case of intraoperative perilymph leakage (2.3%), although 5 of them had had preoperative air conduction threshold above 90 dB. Their fistulas were significantly larger than those of patients without hearing loss (P = .027).

Conclusion:

Although caution is required for total removal of a large fistula, owing to increased risk of postoperative hearing deterioration, 1-stage complete resection of cholesteatoma matrix on labyrinthine fistula could be effective in disease control and long-term hearing preservation.

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