• FIRES IN THE OR can be devastating to patients, surgical team members, facilities, and communities. Every OR contains the ingredients necessary to start a fire.
• EDUCATION IS THE KEY to fire prevention and preparedness. Perioperative staff members can be taught how to prevent the components of the fire triad from converging to start a fire and how to handle a fire if one occurs.
• A SCENARIO IS DESCRIBED to illustrate how a fire plan and fire drill were implemented in one facility. Steps in planning a fire drill and valuable evaluation forms also are presented.