Primary Hyperaldosteronism: Effect of Adrenal Vein Sampling on Surgical Outcome

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Abstract

Hypothesis

Adrenal vein sampling is superior to computed tomography for subtype differentiation of primary hyperaldosteronism.

Design

Retrospective review.

Setting

University medical center.

Patients

Forty-eight patients (32 men and 16 women) with biochemically confirmed primary hyperaldosteronism.

Main Outcome Measures

We compared demographic factors, results of biochemical and imaging studies (computed tomography and adrenal vein sampling), therapy, and patient outcomes.

Results

Mean ± SEM adrenal nodule size was 1.54 ± 0.2 cm. Adrenal vein sampling was performed in 41 (85%) of 48 patients, and it was successful in 39 (95%) of those 41 patients. Concordance between computed tomography and adrenal vein sampling was observed in 22 (54%) of the 41 patients. Thirty-two patients underwent successful laparoscopic adrenalectomy. There was 1 complication and no deaths. All 32 patients were cured of hypokalemia.

Conclusion

Adrenal vein sampling is superior to image-based techniques for subtype differentiation of primary hyperaldosteronism.

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