Irinotecan-induced severe toxicities are possibly related to UGT1A1*6 and *28 genotypes. However, the correlation between UGT1A1 polymorphisms and the risk of toxicities induced by low-dose irinotecan plus platinum combination therapy still remains controversial. This prospective observational study aimed to examine the correlation between UGT1A1 genotypes and clinical outcomes of low-dose irinotecan (median 60 mg/m2, range 25–115 mg/m2) plus platinum in Japanese patients with solid tumors.Methods:
Toxicity profiles were compared between UGT1A1 SNP heterozygotes (hetero-group) and patients with homozygous SNP profile (*6/*6, *28/*28 and *6/*28). Logistic regression models were used to identify independent risk factors for these toxicities.Results:
A total of 331 patients were enrolled: 84% with hetero-group and 16% with homo-group. Although the initial irinotecan dose was similar, the dose intensities during the three cycles were significantly lower in the homo-group (P < 0.01). Grade 3/4 hematological toxicities were significantly more frequent in the homo-group. Multivariable analysis identified UGT1A1 genotype (P < 0.01) as an independent factor for grade 4 hematological toxicity in the first treatment cycle.Conclusion:
UGT1A1 genotype has a major impact on the increased risk of severe hematological toxicities, even in low-dose irinotecan regimens. UGT1A1 genotypes are useful biomarkers for predicting severe hematological toxicities in patients treated with irinotecan plus platinum analog.