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To report the efficacy and safety of infliximab in the treatment of active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Chinese patients.This is a multicentre double-blind placebo controlled study. Patients with active RA despite being on a stable dose of methotrexate were randomly assigned to receive either infliximab 3 mg/kg body weight or placebo infusion at weeks 0, 2, 6 and 14. All patients continued their stable dose of methotrexate throughout the study. Patients were assessed at weeks 0, 2, 6, 14 and 18 for the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 20%, 50% and 70% response (ACR20, 50 and 70, respectively). Health assessment questionnaire (HAQ), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), c-reactive protein (CRP), duration of morning stiffness and adverse effects were monitored.Infliximab was effective in improving the disease activity of RA with significant ACR20 response observed at week 2 (infliximab vs. placebo 52.87% vs. 13.95%, P < 0.05). Significant differences in the ACR20 and ACR50 response rates between the two treatment groups were also observed at week 18 (75.86% and 43.68% of patients receiving infliximab vs. 48.84% and 25.58% and 13.95% of patients on placebo, P = 0.0003 and P = 0.011, respectively). Infliximab was generally well tolerated. The rate of adverse events and withdrawal due to adverse events were similar between the two groups. Most adverse reactions were transient. One patient in the infliximab group developed tuberculosis during the study. One patient in the placebo group developed antinuclear antibodies without obvious signs of systemic lupus erythematosus.In this preliminary study, infliximab infusions, at a dose of 3 mg/kg body weight given at various intervals over 14 weeks, were effective in controlling the signs and symptoms of active RA in Chinese. Infliximab also appeared to be well tolerated. Further studies involving a larger number of patients over a more prolonged period will further evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of infliximab in this group of patients.