Enhanced (S)-linalool production by fusion expression of farnesyl diphosphate synthase and linalool synthase inSaccharomyces cerevisiae

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In order to improve the availability of geranyl diphosphate (GPP) in the mevalonate pathway for enhancing (S)-linalool production in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Methods and Results

A (S)-linalool synthase (LIS): AaLS1 from Actinidia arguta was coexpressed with FPPS with different peptide linkers to redirect the flux from geranyl diphosphate (GPP) to (S)-linalool production in S. cerevisiae. The strain with the best peptide linker ((GGGGS)3), produced 101·55 ± 2·97 μg l−1 (S)-linalool, a 69·7% increase compared to those with two independent LIS and FPPS expressed. In a 3-l fermenter, the (S)-linalool titre was further improved to 240·64 ± 5·31 μg l−1.


The results demonstrate that the fusion proteins catalysing consecutive steps in a metabolic pathway significantly improved the (S)-linalool production with GPP as precursor.

Significance and Impact of the Study

The fusion protein strategy co-expressing AaLS1 and FPPS, assembled with a long peptide linker made S. cerevisiae produced the highest reported (S)-Linalool titre to date.

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