Ohkuni H, Nagamune H, Ozaki N, Tabata A, Todome Y, Watanabe Y, Takahashi H, Ohkura K, Kourai H, Ohtsuka H, Fischetti VA, Zabriskie JB. Characterization of recombinant Streptococcus mitis-derived human platelet aggregation factor.
We previously purified Streptococcus mitis-derived human platelet aggregation factor (Sm-hPAF) from the culture supernatant of S. mitis strain Nm-65, isolated from the tooth surface of a patient with Kawasaki disease. Here we produced recombinant Sm-hPAF protein (rSm-hPAF) in Escherichia coli, to determine whether rSm-hPAF conserves its platelet aggregation activity. rSm-hPAF precursor (665 amino acids) shows up to 36–56% identity with the family of cholesterol-dependent cytolysins (CDCs), and rSm-hPAF displayed potent hemolytic activity toward mammalian erythrocytes, including human erythrocytes with platelet aggregation activity. The 162-amino acid amino-terminal domain of rSm-hPAF was found in no other CDCs except lectinolysin; this domain is homologous to a portion of pneumococcal fucolectin-related protein. Interestingly, suilysin (SLY) and pneumolysin (PLY) of CDCs also exhibit substantial human platelet aggregation activity, similar to rSm-hPAF, and the platelet aggregation by rSm-hPAF, SLY, and PLY was morphologically confirmed using light and electron microscopy.