Exploring predictors of medication adherence among inpatients with schizophrenia in Singapore's mental health settings: A non-experimental study

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Schizophrenia is a mental disorder, which is marked by frequent relapses. The main reason for relapse is nonadherence to antipsychotics. A cross-sectional, correlational research study was conducted with a convenience sample of 92 participants. The primary aim of this study was to explore the predictors of medication adherence among inpatients with schizophrenia hospitalised at tertiary hospitals in Singapore. Post-hoc analysis revealed that insight, religion, side effects, types of antipsychotics, social support from significant others, nurse-client relationship, were significant predictive factors. Results from this study added knowledge to the nursing literature about medication adherence of schizophrenia patients and in Singapore setting.HighlightsThere are six predictors of medication adherence.Lack of insight is common with schizophrenia inpatient participants.Social support from significant others can encourage adherence.Others are religion, side effects, antipsychotics, and nurse-client relationships.Implications of results affect nursing science, practice and research.

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