Association of auditory hallucination and anxiety symptoms with depressive symptoms in patients with schizophrenia: A three-month follow-up


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Abstract

This study was to investigate the association of auditory hallucinations and anxiety symptoms with depressive symptoms in patients with schizophrenia for three months. The participants (N = 189) were evaluated using Characteristics of Auditory Hallucination Questionnaire (CAHQ), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and Beck Depression Inventory-II. Forty-two participants suffered from depressive symptoms at both baseline and 3-month follow-up. Higher CAHQ and BAI at both periods predicted depressive symptoms at three-month end. Being male, increased severity of CAHQ and BAI were risk factors of depressive symptoms. Psychiatric professionals must educate patients to manage auditory hallucinations and anxiety symptoms to decrease depressive symptoms.HighlightsForty-two participants suffered from depressive symptoms at both periods.Higher auditory hallucinations and anxiety symptoms predicted depressive symptoms.Male, increased auditory hallucinations and anxiety symptoms predicted depressions.

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