In Vitro Multiplication in Kaempferia galanga Linn

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Abstract

Kaempferia galanga is an important medicinal plant that is facing threat of extinction owing to indiscriminate and unsustainable harvesting in the wild. Conventional breeding is difficult in this plant, and in vitro multiplication is important to conservation and propagation. Leaf and rhizome explants of Kaempferia were aseptically cultured on MS medium with various combinations of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), benzyl amino purine (BAP), napthalene acetic acid (NAA), 2-4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D) and kinetin at concentrations ranging from 0.5 to 2.5 mg/L. High-frequency organogenesis and multiple shoot regeneration was induced from rhizome explants on MS medium supplemented with 0.5 mg/L of IAA and 2.5 mg/L of BAP. Rooting was induced in MS medium with 0.5 mg/L of IAA and 2 mg/L of BAP.

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