Pathogen-Induced Plant Proteins (Review)


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Abstract

Pathogen-induced plant proteins are classified according to their functional characteristics: involvement in plant cell signaling; inhibition of enzymes excreted by pathogens; stabilization of plant cell walls; ability to trigger apoptosis; enzymatic activity producing lysis of cell walls of pathogenic fungi and bacteria; enzymatic activity in metabolic pathways of phenylpropanoid and terpenoid phytoalexins; and ability to affect pathogens directly by disturbing the function of their cell membranes or by deactivating their ribosomes. Examples of transgenic plants with increased immunity against pathogens are also provided.

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