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Physiological and biochemical traits of the epiphytic spore-forming bacteria Bacillus pumilus BIM B-263 were examined. The nutrient medium and conditions for submerged cultivation of the strain were selected. The growth dynamics and antagonistic activity during cultivation in an ANKUM-2M laboratory fermenter were studied. The results provide grounds for development of the biological preparation Enatin, with broad-range antimicrobial effect. The plant-protective and growth-stimulating effect of Enatin was examined in laboratory and field experiments. The preparation holds promise as means for biological control of crop pathogens.