Locus of control, coping behaviors, and performance in a stress setting: A longitudinal study

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Examined the relationship between managerial locus of control (Rotter's Internal-External Control Scale), perceived stress (Subjective Stress Scale), coping behaviors (task- vs emotion-centered as defined in the R. L. Kahn et al 1964 typology), and performance (credit ratings). 90 small business owner-managers participated in 2 data collection phases over a 2½-yr interval following the effects of a major disaster. Internals were found to perceive less stress, employ more task-centered coping behaviors, and employ fewer emotion-centered coping behaviors than externals. Successful internals became more internal, whereas unsuccessful externals became more external over the 2½-yr interval. Changes in performance were related to changes in locus of control. The nature of locus of control as a possible cause of task behavior and as an effect of environmental experience is examined. (15 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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